Now showing items 3-22 of 229

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      A conceptual framework for action on the social determinants of health 

      World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2010)

      Complexity defines health. Now, more than ever, in the age of globalization, is this so. The Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) was set up by the World Health Organization (WHO) to get to the heart of this complexity. They were tasked with summarizing the evidence on how the structure of societies, through myriad social interactions, norms and institutions, are affecting population health, and what governments and public health can do about it. To guide the Commission in its mammoth task, the WHO Secretariat conducted a review ...
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      A new typology of policies to tackle health inequalities and scenarios of impact based on Rose's population approach 

      Benach, Joan; Malmusi, Davide; Yasui, Yutaka; Martínez, José Miguel (Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2013)

      The last decade has witnessed a surge in interest for policies to tackle health inequalities. Adequate theoretical development of policy models is needed to understand how to design and evaluate equity-oriented health policies. In this paper we review Graham’s typology of policies (focused on the worst-off, on the gap, or on the gradient) and propose an adaptation (targeted, universal with additional targeting, redistributive, and proportionate universalism). For each type, potential scenarios of impact on population health and health inequalities ...
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      A New Way to Talk About The Social Determinants of Health 

      Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)

      In 2006, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), a philanthropic institution dedicated to improving health and health care, embarked on four years of research and message development around the question: “how do we find a common language that will expand Americans’ views about what it means to be healthy – to include not just where health ends but also where it starts?” (p.3) The result is this readable 37-page report. In it, the authors outline their methodology, then present seven lessons for using language to frame the social determinants ...
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      A Practical Vision of a More Equal Society 

      Piketty, Thomas (2015)

      Toward a New Radical Reformism Anthony Atkinson occupies a unique place among economists. During the past half-century, in defiance of prevailing trends, he managed to place the question of inequality at the center of his work while demonstrating that economics is first and foremost a social and moral science. In his new book, Inequality: What Can Be Done?—more personal than his previous ones and wholly focused on a plan of action—he provides us with the broad outlines of a new radical reformism.
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      A Practitioner’s Guide for Advancing Health Equity: Community Strategies for Preventing Chronic Disease 

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,; Division of Community Health (2013)

      The intention of A practitioner’s guide for advancing health equity is to help practitioners and leaders incorporate a health equity view in their collaborations with community organizations. It offers ideas — with stories to illustrate — for how public health organizations can develop competency in the important work of building organizational capacity, engaging communities, developing partnerships and coalitions, and making the case for health equity. Each of the four sections of the Practitioner’s guide (1. foundational skills, 2. tobacco-free ...
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      A Socioeconomic Disaggregation of the World Bank Human Capital Index 

      D'Souza, Ritika; Gatti, Roberta; Kraay, Aart (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-09)

      This paper documents inequality in health and education outcomes by constructing an index of human capital disaggregated by quintiles of socioeconomic status (SES) for a sample 51 mostly low- and middle-income countries. The index measures the expected future human capital of children born today, following the methodology of the World Bank Human Capital Index that was launched in October 2018. Within-country disparities in human capital outcomes across SES quintiles are large, accounting for roughly one-third of the total variation. On average, ...
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      A typology of actions to tackle social inequalities in health 

      Whitehead, M. (Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2007)
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      Achieving equity within universal health coverage: a narrative review of progress and resources for measuring success 

      Rodney, Anna M; Hill, Peter S (2014)

      Introduction: Equity should be implicit within universal health coverage (UHC) however, emerging evidence is showing that without adequate focus on measurement of equity, vulnerable populations may continue to receive inadequate or inferior health care. This study undertakes a narrative review which aims to: (i) elucidate how equity is contextualised and measured within UHC, and (ii) describe tools, resources and lessons which will assist decision makers to plan and implement UHC programmes which ensure equity for all. Methods: A narrative review ...
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      Achieving Health Equity: Closing The Gaps In Health Care Disparities, Interventions, And Research 

      Purnell, Tanjala S.; Calhoun, Elizabeth A.; Golden, Sherita H.; Halladay, Jacqueline R.; Krok-Schoen, Jessica L.; Appelhans, Bradley M.; Cooper, Lisa A. (2016)

      In the United States, racial/ethnic minority, rural, and lowincome populations continue to experience suboptimal access to and quality of health care despite decades of recognition of health disparities and policy mandates to eliminate them. Many health care interventions that were designed to achieve health equity fall short because of gaps in knowledge and translation. We discuss these gaps and highlight innovative interventions that help address them, focusing on cardiovascular disease and cancer. We also provide recommendations for advancing ...
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      Achieving health equity: from root causes to fair outcomes 

      Marmot, Michael (The Lancet, 2007)
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      Addressing Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health: A Global Review of Policy Outcome Evaluation Methods 

      Lee, Janice; Schram, Ashley; Riley, Emily; Harris, Patrick; Baum, Fran; Fisher, Matt; Freeman, Toby; Friel, Sharon (Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 2018-02-06)

      Background: Epidemiological evidence on the social determinants of health inequity is well-advanced, but considerably less attention has been given to evaluating the impact of public policies addressing those social determinants. Methodological challenges to produce evidence on policy outcomes present a significant barrier to mobilising policy actions for health equities. This review aims to examine methodological approaches to policy evaluation of health equity outcomes and identify promising approaches for future research. Methods: We conducted ...
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      Advancing Health Disparities Research Within the Health Care System: A Conceptual Framework 

      Kilbourne, Amy M.; Switzer, Galen; Hyman, Kelly; Crowley-Matoka, Megan; Fine, Michael J. (American Journal of Public Health, 2006-12)

      We provide a framework for health services–related researchers, practitioners, and policy makers to guide future health disparities research in areas ranging from detecting differences in health and health care to understanding the determinants that underlie disparities to ultimately designing interventions that reduce and eliminate these disparities. To do this, we identified potential selection biases and definitions of vulnerable groups when detecting disparities. The key factors to understanding disparities were multilevel determinants of ...
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      An Asia Pacific Spotlight on Health Inequity: Taking Action to Address the Social and Environmental Determinants of Health Equity in Asia Pacific 

      Sharon Friel, Belinda Loring (2011)

      In the full report we describe the extent of health inequities between and within countries across the Asia Pacific region. We explore the plausible causal relationships between social and environmental factors and health inequities and describe actions that are taking place to improve health inequities in Asia Pacific. The report is based on pre-existing data policy-mapping case studies and expert knowledge from across the region. We have drawn upon reports and peer-reviewed publications from a diversity of disciplines such as public health ...
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      An Evolving ASEAN: Vision and Reality 

      Jayant Menon, Cassey Lee (Asian Development Bank, 2019)

      The formation of ASEAN in 1967 was originally driven by political and security concerns. In the decades that followed, ASEAN’s scope evolved to include an ambitious and progressive economic agenda. In December 2015, the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) was formally launched. Although AEC has enjoyed some notable successes, its vision of economic integration has yet to be fully realized. The publication reviews the evolution of ASEAN economic integration and assesses the major achievements. It also examines the challenges that have emerged during ...
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      An evolving Asean: vision and reality 

      Menon, Jayant; Lee, Cassey (Asian Development Bank, 2019-09)

      This volume is a compilation of the papers presented at the High-Level Workshop on the Evolving Nature of ASEAN’s Economic Cooperation: Original Vision and Current Practice, containing the authors’ personal reflections on ASEAN’s journey toward economic integration. The papers review the historical evolution of ASEAN’s economic agenda, capture its achievements, examine the challenges that have surfaced in the last decade, and recommend a way forward. The papers in this volume emphasize that, while there have been notable successes, the remaining ...
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      An overview of reviews on strategies to reduce health inequalities 

      Garzón-Orjuela, Nathaly; Samacá-Samacá, Daniel Felipe; Luque Angulo, Silvia Catalina; Mendes Abdala, Carmen Verônica; Reveiz, Ludovic; Eslava-Schmalbach, Javier (2020-12)

      Background: Governments are incentivized to develop and implement health action programs focused on equity to ensure progress with effective strategies or interventions. Objective: Identify and synthesize strategies or interventions that facilitate the reduction of health inequalities. Methods: A systematic search strategy was carried out up until August 2019 in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, LILACS, Scopus, Scielo and Epistemonikos. In addition, a snowball strategy was used. Literature reviews (LRs) ...
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