Now showing items 1-20 of 34

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      What does Equity in Health Mean? 

      Pereira, João (Journal of Social Policy, 1993)

      Up until very recently, the international debate on health inequality tended to disregard the issue of specifying equity objectives precisely. This was unfortunate, given the importance of normative analysis for understanding why people care about social justice in the field of health; the extent to which specific types of inequality are compatible with equity; how the concept should be measured; and how rational policies may be formulated and monitored. This article critically appraises six well established approaches to defining equity—egality, ...
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      Chapter 34 Equity in health care finance and delivery 

      Wagstaff, Adam; van Doorslaer, Eddy (Handbook of Health Economics, 2000)

      The paper surveys the economics literature on equity in health care financing and delivery. The focus is, for the most part, on empirical work, especially that involving intemational and temporal comparisons. There is, however, some discussion of the concept and definition of equity. The empirical sections cover the literature on equity in health care financing (progressivity and horizontal equity of health care financing arrangements), equity in health care delivery (horizontal equity in the sense of treating persons in equal need similarly), ...
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      Defining equity in health 

      Braveman, P (Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2003)

      Study objective: To propose a definition of health equity to guide operationalisation and measurement, and to discuss the practical importance of clarity in defining this concept. Design: Conceptual discussion. Setting, Patients/Participants, and Main results: not applicable. Conclusions: For the purposes of measurement and operationalisation, equity in health is the absence of systematic disparities in health (or in the major social determinants of health) between groups with different levels of underlying social advantage/disadvantage—that ...
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      The Concern for Health Equity 

      Sudhir Anand; Fabienne Peter; Amartya Sen (Oxford University Press 2004, 2004)
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      HEALTH DISPARITIES AND HEALTH EQUITY: Concepts and Measurement 

      Braveman, Paula (Annual Review of Public Health, 2006)

      There is little consensus about the meaning of the terms “health disparities,” “health inequalities,” or “health equity.” The definitions can have important practical consequences, determining the measurements that are monitored by governments and international agencies and the activities that will be supported by resources earmarked to address health disparities/inequalities or health equity. This paper aims to clarify the concepts of health disparities/inequalities (used interchangeably here) and health equity, focusing on the implications of ...
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      Health Inequities and the Social Determinants of Health 

      Rogers, Wendy (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006)

      The health of individuals and populations is influenced by many variables. These include genetics and biology, but perhaps more important than these are the social determinants of health. The social, political and economic circumstances in which people live their lives are critical in determining how long they live and with what burden of ill health. These differences are very marked between countries, for example a 15-year-old boy in Lesotho has about a 10% chance of living until the age of 60, compared with a 15-year-old boy in Sweden ...
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      Intersectionality 

      Phoenix, Ann; Pattynama, Pamela (European Journal of Women's Studies, 2006-08)
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      Health inequities and social justice: The moral foundations of public health 

      Faden, R. R.; Powers, M. (Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 2008)

      Recently we argued that social justice is concerned with human well-being, which is best understood as involving plural, irreducible dimensions, each of which represents something of independent moral significance. Health is one of these distinct dimensions of well-being, as is personal security, the development and exercise of cognitive capacities for reasoning, living under conditions of social respect, developing and sustaining deep personal attachments, and being able to lead self-determining lives. In this paper, we address why considerations ...
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      Equity Action Framework 

      Unknown author (Race forward, 2009)
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      Intersectionality: Multiple Inequalities in Social Theory 

      Walby, Sylvia; Armstrong, Jo; Strid, Sofia (SAGE Journal, 2012-04)

      The concept of intersectionality is reviewed and further developed for more effective use. Six dilemmas in the debates on the concept are disentangled, addressed and resolved: the distinction between structural and political intersectionality; the tension between ‘categories’ and ‘inequalities’; the significance of class; the balance between a fluidity and stability; the varyingly competitive, cooperative, hierarchical and hegemonic relations between inequalities and between projects; and the conundrum of ‘visibility’ in the tension between the ...
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      The Normative Dimensions of Health Disparities 

      Ward, Andrew; Johnson, Pamela Jo; O'Brien, Mollie (Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 2013)

      Understanding what conditions must be satisfied for a health inequality to be a health inequity (disparity) is crucial for health policy makers. The failure to understand what constitutes a health inequity, and confusing health inequalities with health inequities threatens the successful creation of health policies by diverting needed attention and resources away from addressing health inequalities that are health inequities. More generally, the failure threatens to undercut our ability to tell what research is relevant to the creation of health ...
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      HEALTH, VITAL GOALS, AND CENTRAL HUMAN CAPABILITIES 

      Venkatapuram, Sridhar (Bioethics, 2013)

      I argue for a conception of health as a person’s ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt’s theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I transform Nordenfelt’s argument in order to ...
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      The political origins of health inequity: prospects for change 

      Ottersen, Ole Petter; Dasgupta, Jashodhara; Blouin, Chantal; Buss, Paulo; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi; Frenk, Julio; Fukuda-Parr, Sakiko; Gawanas, Bience P; Giacaman, Rita; Gyapong, John; Leaning, Jennifer; Marmot, Michael; McNeill, Desmond; Mongella, Gertrude I; Moyo, Nkosana; Møgedal, Sigrun; Ntsaluba, Ayanda; Ooms, Gorik; Bjertness, Espen; Lie, Ann Louise; Moon, Suerie; Roalkvam, Sidsel; Sandberg, Kristin I; Scheel, Inger B (The Lancet - University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health, 2014)

      Despite large gains in health over the past few decades, the distribution of health risks worldwide remains extremely and unacceptably uneven. Although the health sector has a crucial role in addressing health inequalities, its efforts often come into conflict with powerful global actors in pursuit of other interests such as protection of national security, safeguarding of sovereignty, or economic goals. This is the starting point of The Lancet–University of Oslo Commission on Global Governance for Health. With globalisation, health inequity ...
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      Group inequality and intersectionality 

      Emma Samman; Jose Manuel Roche (E-Bulletin of the Human Development & Capability Association, 2014-07)
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      Health, Disability and the Capability Approach: An Introduction 

      Prah Ruger, Jennifer; Mitra, Sophie (Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2015)

      This special issue of the Journal of Human Development and Capabilities focuses on two areas of substantial and growing importance to the human development and capability approach: disability and health. The research on disability, health and the capability approach has been diverse in the topics it covers, and the conceptual frameworks and methodologies it uses, beginning over a decade and a half ago in health (Ruger 1998) and more than a decade ago in disability (Baylies 2002).1 We are pleased to share a set of articles in these two areas. ...
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      Reaching for Health Equity 

      US CDC (US CDC, 2016)
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      10 Best resources on… intersectionality with an emphasis on low- and middle-income countries 

      Larson, Elizabeth; George, Asha; Morgan, Rosemary; Poteat, Tonia (Health Policy and Planning, 2016-10-01)

      Intersectionality has emerged as an important framework for understanding and responding to health inequities by making visible the fluid and interconnected structures of power that create them. It promotes an understanding of the dynamic nature of the privileges and disadvantages that permeate health systems and affect health. It considers the interaction of different social stratifiers (e.g. ‘race’/ ethnicity, indigeneity, gender, class, sexuality, geography, age, disability/ability, migration status, religion) and the power structures that ...
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      What Is Health Equity? And What Difference Does a Definition Make? 

      Paula Braveman; Elaine Arkin; Tracy Orleans; Dwayne Proctor; Alonzo Plough (2017)

      This report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation aims to stimulate discussion and promote greater consensus about the meaning of health equity and the implications of acting on it. The goal of the report is to identify essential elements to guide effective action rather than to encourage all practitioners to use the same words to define health equity. The report notes that definitions can matter and that, in the case of health equity, clarity is important, especially given that working towards equity is a struggle that must engage diverse ...
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      Equity Action Framework 

      Unknown author (2017)

      Th e Equity Action Framework1 is designed to support individuals and groups that want to advance racial equity in early childhood systems. Th e goal of a racial equity approach is to develop policies, practices, and programs that provide opportunities, promote fairness and access, and remediate racial inequities. Whether working at national, state, county, or municipal levels of government, in private-public partnerships, community organizations, foundations or other entities, the Equity Action Framework provides an intentional process for ...
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      EI Newsletter: April 2020 

      The Equity Initiative (The Equity Initiative, 2020-04)