Now showing items 1-20 of 55

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      A new typology of policies to tackle health inequalities and scenarios of impact based on Rose's population approach 

      Benach, Joan; Malmusi, Davide; Yasui, Yutaka; Martínez, José Miguel (Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2013)

      The last decade has witnessed a surge in interest for policies to tackle health inequalities. Adequate theoretical development of policy models is needed to understand how to design and evaluate equity-oriented health policies. In this paper we review Graham’s typology of policies (focused on the worst-off, on the gap, or on the gradient) and propose an adaptation (targeted, universal with additional targeting, redistributive, and proportionate universalism). For each type, potential scenarios of impact on population health and health inequalities ...
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      A New Way to Talk About The Social Determinants of Health 

      Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)

      In 2006, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), a philanthropic institution dedicated to improving health and health care, embarked on four years of research and message development around the question: “how do we find a common language that will expand Americans’ views about what it means to be healthy – to include not just where health ends but also where it starts?” (p.3) The result is this readable 37-page report. In it, the authors outline their methodology, then present seven lessons for using language to frame the social determinants ...
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      A Practical Vision of a More Equal Society 

      Piketty, Thomas (2015)

      Toward a New Radical Reformism Anthony Atkinson occupies a unique place among economists. During the past half-century, in defiance of prevailing trends, he managed to place the question of inequality at the center of his work while demonstrating that economics is first and foremost a social and moral science. In his new book, Inequality: What Can Be Done?—more personal than his previous ones and wholly focused on a plan of action—he provides us with the broad outlines of a new radical reformism.
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      A Practitioner’s Guide for Advancing Health Equity: Community Strategies for Preventing Chronic Disease 

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,; Division of Community Health (2013)

      The intention of A practitioner’s guide for advancing health equity is to help practitioners and leaders incorporate a health equity view in their collaborations with community organizations. It offers ideas — with stories to illustrate — for how public health organizations can develop competency in the important work of building organizational capacity, engaging communities, developing partnerships and coalitions, and making the case for health equity. Each of the four sections of the Practitioner’s guide (1. foundational skills, 2. tobacco-free ...
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      A typology of actions to tackle social inequalities in health 

      Whitehead, M. (Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2007)
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      Achieving equity within universal health coverage: a narrative review of progress and resources for measuring success 

      Rodney, Anna M; Hill, Peter S (2014)

      Introduction: Equity should be implicit within universal health coverage (UHC) however, emerging evidence is showing that without adequate focus on measurement of equity, vulnerable populations may continue to receive inadequate or inferior health care. This study undertakes a narrative review which aims to: (i) elucidate how equity is contextualised and measured within UHC, and (ii) describe tools, resources and lessons which will assist decision makers to plan and implement UHC programmes which ensure equity for all. Methods: A narrative review ...
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      Achieving Health Equity: Closing The Gaps In Health Care Disparities, Interventions, And Research 

      Purnell, Tanjala S.; Calhoun, Elizabeth A.; Golden, Sherita H.; Halladay, Jacqueline R.; Krok-Schoen, Jessica L.; Appelhans, Bradley M.; Cooper, Lisa A. (2016)

      In the United States, racial/ethnic minority, rural, and lowincome populations continue to experience suboptimal access to and quality of health care despite decades of recognition of health disparities and policy mandates to eliminate them. Many health care interventions that were designed to achieve health equity fall short because of gaps in knowledge and translation. We discuss these gaps and highlight innovative interventions that help address them, focusing on cardiovascular disease and cancer. We also provide recommendations for advancing ...
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      Achieving health equity: from root causes to fair outcomes 

      Marmot, Michael (The Lancet, 2007)
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      Addressing Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health: A Global Review of Policy Outcome Evaluation Methods 

      Lee, Janice; Schram, Ashley; Riley, Emily; Harris, Patrick; Baum, Fran; Fisher, Matt; Freeman, Toby; Friel, Sharon (Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 2018-02-06)

      Background: Epidemiological evidence on the social determinants of health inequity is well-advanced, but considerably less attention has been given to evaluating the impact of public policies addressing those social determinants. Methodological challenges to produce evidence on policy outcomes present a significant barrier to mobilising policy actions for health equities. This review aims to examine methodological approaches to policy evaluation of health equity outcomes and identify promising approaches for future research. Methods: We conducted ...
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      Advancing Health Disparities Research Within the Health Care System: A Conceptual Framework 

      Kilbourne, Amy M.; Switzer, Galen; Hyman, Kelly; Crowley-Matoka, Megan; Fine, Michael J. (American Journal of Public Health, 2006-12)

      We provide a framework for health services–related researchers, practitioners, and policy makers to guide future health disparities research in areas ranging from detecting differences in health and health care to understanding the determinants that underlie disparities to ultimately designing interventions that reduce and eliminate these disparities. To do this, we identified potential selection biases and definitions of vulnerable groups when detecting disparities. The key factors to understanding disparities were multilevel determinants of ...
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      An overview of reviews on strategies to reduce health inequalities 

      Garzón-Orjuela, Nathaly; Samacá-Samacá, Daniel Felipe; Luque Angulo, Silvia Catalina; Mendes Abdala, Carmen Verônica; Reveiz, Ludovic; Eslava-Schmalbach, Javier (2020-12)

      Background: Governments are incentivized to develop and implement health action programs focused on equity to ensure progress with effective strategies or interventions. Objective: Identify and synthesize strategies or interventions that facilitate the reduction of health inequalities. Methods: A systematic search strategy was carried out up until August 2019 in MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Elsevier), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, LILACS, Scopus, Scielo and Epistemonikos. In addition, a snowball strategy was used. Literature reviews (LRs) ...
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      Building stable livelihoods for the ultra-poor 

      Alison Fahey (J-PAL and IPA Policy Bulletin., 2015)
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      Building Trust in Health Systems to Eliminate Health Disparities 

      Wesson, Donald E.; Lucey, Catherine R.; Cooper, Lisa A. (JAMA, 2019-07-09)
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      Changing Systems, Power & Potential 

      McKenzie, Fiona; Cabaj, Mark (2020-03)

      Mark Cabaj, President of the Canadian consulting company From Here to There and an Associate of Tamarack – An Institute for Community Engagement, worked with CFI to deliver a two-day workshop in March 2020 on Changing Systems, Power and Potential. CFI Network member Fiona McKenzie observed and synthesised the learnings, discussions and perspectives into a report which captures contributions from both presenters and participants. The result is a blend of concepts, frameworks, applications, hints and common threads that emerged about efforts to ...
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      Cities, health and well-being 

      Myfanwy Taylor (2012)

      Cities are critical sites for enquiry and action in relation to health and well-being. With up to 70 per cent of the world’s population estimated to be living in urban areas by 2050, global health will be determined increasingly in cities. In response to these challenges, the 2011 Urban Age Hong Kong conference, organized by the London School of Economics and Political Science and the Alfred Herrhausen Society in partnership with the University of Hong Kong, brought together over 170 planners, architects, sociologists, medical doctors, public ...
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      Closing the health equity gap: policy options and opportunities for action 

      World Health Organization (World Health Organization, 2013)

      This report, which highlights policy options for consideration within national discussions, was developed in conjunction with WHO regional offices and others across the Organization who are working on the social determinants of health and equity issues. The general approach to the report was discussed at a seminar within WHO’s Information, Evidence and Policy cluster and with WHO regional advisors following the release of the final report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health in August 2008. In January 2009 the 124th session of the ...
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      Combating poverty and inequality: structural change, social policy and politics 

      Unknown author (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 2010)

      Poverty reduction is a central feature of the international development agenda and contemporary poverty reduction strategies increasingly focus on “targeting the poor”, yet poverty and inequality remain intractable foes. Combating Poverty and Inequality argues that this is because many current approaches to reducing poverty and inequality fail to consider key institutional, policy and political dimensions that may be both causes of poverty and inequality, and obstacles to their reduction. Moreover, when a substantial proportion of a country’s ...
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      Conceptions of Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship in Europe and the United States: Convergences and Divergences 

      Defourny, Jacques; Nyssens, Marthe (Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 2010)

      The concepts of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship are making amazing breakthroughs in EU countries and the United States. Until recently, the debates on both sides of the Atlantic have taken place in parallel trajectories with few connections among them. In the first part of the paper, we describe the European and US historical landscapes in which those concepts took root. In the second part, we analyse how the various conceptualizations have evolved. This analysis paves the way for the third part, in which we highlight the conceptual ...