Now showing items 1-20 of 29

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      10 best resources on ... health equity 

      Gwatkin, D. R (Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 2007)

      An astute bureaucratic pundit named Rufus Miles once observed that ‘where you stand depends on where you sit’ (Miles 1978). This ‘Miles Law’ deserves to be kept centrally in mind when considering not only traditional bureaucratic behaviour, but also health equity; for one's judgment about what's ‘best’ in the health equity area is unavoidably shaped by his/her institutional experience, background and interests.Rather than challenge such an unfortunately well-established reality, better for an author to admit at the outset just where (s)he has ...
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      Chapter 34 Equity in health care finance and delivery 

      Wagstaff, Adam; van Doorslaer, Eddy (Handbook of Health Economics, 2000)

      The paper surveys the economics literature on equity in health care financing and delivery. The focus is, for the most part, on empirical work, especially that involving intemational and temporal comparisons. There is, however, some discussion of the concept and definition of equity. The empirical sections cover the literature on equity in health care financing (progressivity and horizontal equity of health care financing arrangements), equity in health care delivery (horizontal equity in the sense of treating persons in equal need similarly), ...
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      Child Poverty and Inequality: New Perspectives 

      Ortiz, Isabel; Moreira Daniels, Louise; Engilbertsdóttir, Solrun (2012)

      The 21st century starts with vast inequalities for children in terms of income, access to food, water, health, education, housing, or employment for their families. Half of the world’s children are below the poverty line of $2 a day and suffer from multiple deprivations and violations to basic human rights. More than 22,000 children die each day, and most of their deaths are preventable. This volume presents some of the critical acknowledged voices to move a necessary agenda forward. It explains multidimensional poverty measurements, describes ...
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      Combating poverty and inequality: structural change, social policy and politics 

      Bangura, Yusuf (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 2010)

      Poverty reduction is a central feature of the international development agenda and contemporary poverty reduction strategies increasingly focus on “targeting the poor”, yet poverty and inequality remain intractable foes. Combating Poverty and Inequality argues that this is because many current approaches to reducing poverty and inequality fail to consider key institutional, policy and political dimensions that may be both causes of poverty and inequality, and obstacles to their reduction. Moreover, when a substantial proportion of a country’s ...
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      Defining equity in health 

      Braveman, P (Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 2003)

      Study objective: To propose a definition of health equity to guide operationalisation and measurement, and to discuss the practical importance of clarity in defining this concept. Design: Conceptual discussion. Setting, Patients/Participants, and Main results: not applicable. Conclusions: For the purposes of measurement and operationalisation, equity in health is the absence of systematic disparities in health (or in the major social determinants of health) between groups with different levels of underlying social advantage/disadvantage—that ...
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      Equality of What? 

      Sen, Amartya (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., 1979)

      Well-being is not just a question of the wealth or pleasure that a person has; it is a question of how people manage to live their lives and the ability they have to do certain things that are important to them. This was the argument put forward by Professor Amartya Sen in 1979. In his seminal Tanner Lecture – ‘Equality of What?’, Sen unites economics and philosophy to explore how a person’s well-being might best be measured. It was the first in a series of writings in which he developed his capability approach. This focuses on the actual capability ...
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      Equity Action Framework 

      Unknown author (2017)

      Th e Equity Action Framework1 is designed to support individuals and groups that want to advance racial equity in early childhood systems. Th e goal of a racial equity approach is to develop policies, practices, and programs that provide opportunities, promote fairness and access, and remediate racial inequities. Whether working at national, state, county, or municipal levels of government, in private-public partnerships, community organizations, foundations or other entities, the Equity Action Framework provides an intentional process for ...
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      Equity Action Framework 

      Unknown author (Race forward, 2009)
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      From income inequality to economic inequality. 

      Sen, Amartya (Southern Economic Journal, 1997)

      Focus must be shifted from income inequality to economic inequality because of the presence of causal influences on individual well-being and freedom that are economic in nature but cannot be expounded by simple statistics of incomes and commodity holdings. Attention must be given to heterogeneous magnitudes. Moreover, there is a need for the derivation of partial orderings based on explicit or implicit public acceptance.
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      HEALTH DISPARITIES AND HEALTH EQUITY: Concepts and Measurement 

      Braveman, Paula (Annual Review of Public Health, 2006)

      There is little consensus about the meaning of the terms “health disparities,” “health inequalities,” or “health equity.” The definitions can have important practical consequences, determining the measurements that are monitored by governments and international agencies and the activities that will be supported by resources earmarked to address health disparities/inequalities or health equity. This paper aims to clarify the concepts of health disparities/inequalities (used interchangeably here) and health equity, focusing on the implications of ...
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      Health inequalities: critical perspectives 

      Smith, Katherine E.; Bambra, Clare; Hill, Sarah E. (Oxford University Press, 2016)

      This section provides a brief summary of the main ways in which health in-equalities are conceptualized, particularly in terms of the indicators used to stratify health. It is by no means a comprehensive account but rather considers the ways in which researchers focusing on the UK have tended to conceptualize health inequalities over the past 30 years and some of the key chalenges to these approaches (critiques which are developed later in this book).
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      Health inequities and social justice: The moral foundations of public health 

      Faden, R. R.; Powers, M. (Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz, 2008)

      Recently we argued that social justice is concerned with human well-being, which is best understood as involving plural, irreducible dimensions, each of which represents something of independent moral significance. Health is one of these distinct dimensions of well-being, as is personal security, the development and exercise of cognitive capacities for reasoning, living under conditions of social respect, developing and sustaining deep personal attachments, and being able to lead self-determining lives. In this paper, we address why considerations ...
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      Health Inequities and the Social Determinants of Health 

      Rogers, Wendy (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006)

      The health of individuals and populations is influenced by many variables. These include genetics and biology, but perhaps more important than these are the social determinants of health. The social, political and economic circumstances in which people live their lives are critical in determining how long they live and with what burden of ill health. These differences are very marked between countries, for example a 15-year-old boy in Lesotho has about a 10% chance of living until the age of 60, compared with a 15-year-old boy in Sweden who has ...
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      Health, Disability and the Capability Approach: An Introduction 

      Prah Ruger, Jennifer; Mitra, Sophie (Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2015)

      This special issue of the Journal of Human Development and Capabilities focuses on two areas of substantial and growing importance to the human development and capability approach: disability and health. The research on disability, health and the capability approach has been diverse in the topics it covers, and the conceptual frameworks and methodologies it uses, beginning over a decade and a half ago in health (Ruger 1998) and more than a decade ago in disability (Baylies 2002).1 We are pleased to share a set of articles in these two areas. ...
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      Venkatapuram, Sridhar (Bioethics, 2013)

      I argue for a conception of health as a person’s ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt’s theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I transform Nordenfelt’s argument in order to ...
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      Piketty’s Inequality Story in Six Charts 

      Cassidy, John (The New Yorker, 2014)
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      Re-thinking health inequalities 

      Mackenbach, John P. (Oxford University Press on behalf of The European Journal of Public Health, 2020-06-19)
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      Reaching for Health Equity 

      US CDC (US CDC, 2016)
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      Regional strategy on health system strengthening and primary health care 

      Unknown author (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2010)
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      Personal, Daniel Wikler; Peter, Fabienne; Sen, Amartya (Oxford University Press 2005)